I will be talking about the differences between the Indica, Sativa and Hybrid cannabis types. They’re all marijuana but the differences are huge. Not only in appearance but also in growing needs, smell, taste, high and medicinal qualities. Here are some main differences between the three main types.
Also make sure to check the article “Different types of marijuana” to see what type you prefer!
Sativa Perfect for growing outdoor.May help with ADD and depression. Energetic, euphoric effect. Sativa’s mostly grow very tall. An artists’ favorite because it helps free flowing creativity.
Indica Perfect for growing indoor. Looks bushy and has wide leaves. Helps with anxiety, insomnia and pains for example. Relaxing, couch-locking effect. Mostly has a strong sweet or sour scent.
Ruderalis Has a pretty short stature growing between 20-25 inches in height. This plant has very thick foliage. Hardly contains THC. Its genetic material is used for breeding autoflowers.
Different types of marijuana
My favorite strain for each type
Super Silver Haze
For a great mind high I tend to favor this strain. And I just love seeing that thick layer of white crystals on those flowers!
One of the most well-known strains in the world. This plant is really strong, perfect for beginners!
White Widow has been an Amsterdam staple since the 1990’s and it’s still a classic! My love is strong for this one!
This is a fascinating technique that helps your plants make bigger and badder buds that will blow your mind.
Essentially, stem splitting involves chopping a hole in the stem (make sure you know what you’re doing before just jumping in) and then allowing that hole to remain open, causing the plant to “freak out” and overproduce THC and trichomes (which is, obviously, a very good thing).
How it works
Stem splitting is all about increasing the levels of THC in your marijuana plant.
When your plant undergoes a specific type of stress, it reacts accordingly. In this case, you are messing with the flow of nutrients and water as it tries to make its way up the stem. That causes your plant to produce extra trichomes and THC, which means better and denser buds.
If you’re not familiar with trichomes, you should know that they are essential. They are where the glorious cannabinoids (such as THC) are made. Therefore, the more trichomes, the better.
How to do it
You will need the following items to successfully perform the stem splitting technique:
● Knife (very sharp and sterilized)
● Ties or rope (2)
● Pencil, chopstick, or another similar object
It is simple in concept but tricky in practice, so it’s a good idea to practice on just one marijuana plant at a time (per grow season) until you are confident you’ve got the hang of it.
If done wrong, it can end up doing more harm than good. So, make sure you are willing to sacrifice one marijuana plant in the name of the greater good before jumping in!
ROBERT BERGMAN LEERT JE OM MARIHUANA TE LATEN GROEIEN.
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ROBERT BERGMAN LEERT JE OM MARIHUANA TE LATEN GROEIEN.
Have you ever wished you could grow outdoor marijuana plants more than once per year? Well, you’re in luck because you totally can!
All you have to do is grow autoflowering marijuana plants rather than photosensitive ones.
If you plant the first batch early enough in the year, then harvest them and plant a second one during the middle of the summer, you can accomplish two harvests in the span of one grow season!
That’s right, folks, that means double the harvest (in theory at least).
And as a bonus, they’re really easy to grow!
Are you excited?
Check out some of our most popular autoflowering plants:
Check it out
Check it out
What is an autoflowering marijuana plant?
Most marijuana plants are photosensitive (or photoperiod) plants. That means that their life cycle changes are based on the changes in lighting caused by the sun. Once they start getting a certain amount of uninterrupted darkness, they will begin to enter the flowering phase. This is their way of sticking with the seasons and flowering before it gets too cold for them to survive.
It used to be that autoflowering plants were always ruderalis strains (which are low in THC). They weren’t popular with the general marijuana crowd for obvious reasons, but once they were cross-bred with indica and sativa strains (high in THC), they created the autoflowering beautieswe now see today.
What’s with the hype?
There are tons of reasons why everyone is excited about autoflowering marijuana plants. They include (but are not limited to):
Smaller in size (my nephew has a couple in his windowsill)
Great resistant to pests and diseases
Shorter grow season (ready to harvest in 10 weeks)
Check out the way autoflowers grow!
Have you ever seen an autoflowering marijuana plant grow? It’s known for its fast growing. We got an awesome timelapse where you can see a little one come up!
What you need to know about autoflowers
The main thing to consider is the fact that no two strains of autoflowering marijuana plants are the same.
Simply ordering “autoflowering” plants is not going to cut it — you’re still going to have to do your research.
The main thing to know about autoflowers is that their lifespan is shorter. So, it’s extra important to start out strong with the grow season because there is less time to compensate for a slow start. That means you should give your seedlings a lot of love!
If your first harvest is disappointing, just remember that you have a second try! In fact, your second grow cycle may be better mid-summer because they’ll get more sun right off the bat.
Find out more about autoflowering marijuana plants here.
You’ve probably heard of hydroponics before; it’s a common way to up your plants’ yields.
It’s easy to have a successful marijuana harvest without jumping through any extra hoops.
However, it can be super-duper successful if you invest a little more time and money by using a hydroponics setup.
Even though it takes an extra bit of time and money (and a steeper learning curve), plants that are grown hydroponically can end up with much higher yields and a higher return on your overall investment. You can control every aspect to ensure that your plants have the most ideal environment.
Just be sure to start with high-quality seeds, check out these awesome strains:
First, you need to choose your hydroponic grow medium. These can include:
Each has its own set of advantages and disadvantages. Your plant will sit in this growing medium, with the roots sitting in the water below. Be sure to do your research on each one before choosing one!
There are different hydroponics systems out there. These are just some examples:
A passive system involves a pot being filled with a substrate, and then nylon gauze or something similar is placed in the substrate to help retain the solution as well as drain and distribute it. A static system is simple and cheap, but has the highest risk of damaging your plants’ roots. This is simply because the water isn’t circulating by itself. It is a good choice nonetheless for people who want to try out hydroponics for the first time.
Open circuit systems are the most expensive and are not recommended for small grows, but they are powerful and effective. They use a lot of fertilization (and therefore waste) and are most commonly used by commercial growers that are cultivating a large number of plants.
Closed circuit systems involve a nutrient solution cycling through the roots of plants. They are then collected in a trough at the end. It is a much less wasteful system that is also easier on the wallet.
Ebb and flow systems, on the other hand, involve flooding your plants’ roots with the nutrient solution and then letting it go back down. It’s best used when attached to an automated system.
pH and EC
In hydroponics systems, pH and EC levels are extremely important. Your setup should probably be somewhere between 5 and 6, with the exact number depending on what stage of growth your plants are currently in. Be sure to stay on top of your pH level. The EC (electric conductance) is also important; keep it somewhere between 0.8 and 2.0 (depending on the stage of growth).
However, it can be super-duper successful if you invest a little more time and money by using a hydroponics setup.
For indoor growers, you will need to choose a specific type of light. Growers use CFLs, LEDs, MH lamps, HPS lights, and more.
CFLs are most commonly used by beginners since they are so inexpensive. If this is your first time, it might be a good choice.
LED lights are higher in power and higher in cost (significantly) but they require less electricity than MH or CPS. The latter cost less than LED upon purchase and highly powerful but require quite some more electricity. If you have a small grow setup, however, CFLs are likely the simplest choice for you.
If you feel like splurging on the very best, go for a smaller MH/HPS grow light instead.
Which growing medium to choose
Most beginner growers start with soil, since it is the easiest option out there for the inexperienced among us. If you want to try something besides soil, you can choose between perlite, coco coir, vermiculite, and more.
These are considered soilless mixes, which are a type of hydroponic growing, technically speaking. Hydroponics involves growing your marijuana plants directly in water, which can be a complicated system but a highly fruitful and rewarding one — it is said that the highest yields are achieved in hydroponics systems.
Of course, you can also go the organic growing route: composting your own soil. It takes more work but leads to great taste and yield results, plus it makes for a very wise choice for the environmentally minded.
Marijuana plants will need to survive so like every plant, there are certain foundational requirements that any strain of Whether your setup is indoors or outdoors, your marijuana plants will still require certain amounts of sunlight, water, and nutrients
Marijuana plants will need to survive so like every plant, there are certain foundational requirements that any strain of Whether your setup is indoors or outdoors, your marijuana plants will still require certain amounts of sunlight, water, and nutrients.If you are a new grower, learning what these requirements are and why they exist is essential. If you are an experienced grower, you will probably find it helpful to refresh your memory about why your plants reacted a certain way during your last growing season.
So what are the basic requirements for growing Cannabis, and how do you make sure they are all met? Read on for the following information:
Water – Light – CO2
Cannabis is a remarkably tenacious and swift-growing plant. In fact, it’s been said that if you sit long enough with a plant, just watching, you can actually see it grow with your own eyes. No time-lapse, no video, no YouTube.
However, even though the plant is so independently energetic, there’s a lot of growers and cultivators can do on their own to help aid all of that growth, fostering and nurturing these natural qualities. Making the environment around the plant as hospitable as possible and providing the best possible nourishment will maximize the potential of cultivated cannabis.
All living things have basic requirements for life, and thankfully plants are fairly simple in the things they require. Cannabis is no exception. To make sure your plant can live and thrive in its environment, you need to make sure you are providing proper lighting, enough water, a mild and stable temperature, and a well-sifted substrate for the plant to take root in. Beyond that, you need to make sure you are providing nutrients: hydrogen, oxygen, and carbon, as well as a whole host of other macro- and micro- nutrients.
If you are missing any of these key ingredients, you will be cheating your plants (and yourself!). In addition to making sure they’re provided, you also need to be sure that you are providing all of these things in the proper proportions.
The development of your plant is based on the process of photosynthesis. Photosynthesis is how your plant absorbs light and turns carbon dioxide into sugar (energy). This is possible because of the green pigment chlorophyll. The glucose sugars work in conjunction with mineral salts, nutrients, and water pulled up by the roots and allow the plant to perform a variety of different chemical reactions to produce raw materials and develop.
In nature, all of these things are controlled and provided by the environment. Your job as a cultivator and gardener is to imitate and mimic all of these essentials to create the ideal environment for your plant. Done properly, you can create the perfect living situation for your cannabis plant.
The perfect environment
First, if you’re growing indoors, you’re going to need a good source of light. You can’t just use your old living room lamp to replace the life-giving light of the sun. If you’re an indoor grower, consider using a HPS. This will give you a more accurate spectrum of light, which is very important for plants.
Next you need to consider your air. Your plant needs a supply of carbon dioxide and oxygen in order for photosynthesis to work. Fortunately for you, these gasses are already present in our air! However, you will need to make sure that the environment you’re growing your plant in is very well-ventilated. Indoors, you’ll want to invest in some input and output ventilators, as well as a fan.
You want to make sure you are getting a supply of fresh air to your plants at all times. Just like any other living thing, they’ll suffocate without air (although the suffocation will occur a little differently). In particular, low carbon dioxide levels will inhibit the photosynthesis process, and a lot of growers actually add extra CO2 to the air.
If you install all of your ventilation and air flow equipment properly, it will also be significantly easier for you to manage the humidity and temperature of the environment in your grow room. Keep a weather eye on the temperature and humidity: you’ll want a high humidity (50-70%). Air in the room should be between 68 and 77 degrees Fahrenheit (20 and 25 Celsius) while the substrate should be close to 64 degrees fahrenheit (24 celsius). If you are using a hydroponics system or growing your plants in water, you’ll want the water to be a lukewarm 68 degrees fahrenheit (20 degrees Celsius). Read more about Temperature and Humidity.
Water is also extremely important to the health of your plant. This means both the humidity of the surrounding environment, and the soil from which the roots will be drawing water to distribute nutrients to the rest of the plant. You have a number of choices for different substrates to grow your plants in (soil, rockwool, etc.) but you’ll want to make sure it’s getting water regardless.
Besides using water in a number of key chemical reactions, your plant will be using water as a vehicle to transport nutrients. If you’re an indoor marijuana grower, you’ll either need to be watering manually or invest in an automatic system to take care of the irrigation for you. Indoor plants especially are likely to require a lot of water, since you’ll probably be maxing them out with lights and nutrients to get the highest quality plant possible. Another note on water: you need to make sure you are using pure water. If the water you’re using has anything toxic or harmful, it could damage your plants, or worse yet, hurt any people who want to use the plant for medicinal purposes!
The substrate is important because it sort of acts as a trap for nutrients and important elements. For example, if you are using soil, you need to make sure that it is well aerated. Good circulation among the roots is very important since that is where your plant will be picking up a lot of things to absorb. Roots need oxygen, regardless of the substrate you use, whether you are using traditional soil or newfangled hydroponics equipment. Plus, proper aerification will minimize the risks of disease, mold and fungus on your marijuana plant.
Feeding your marijuana plants
Next up, you need to be sure you have plenty of nutrients. There are a lot of ways for you to add nutrients to the soil. You can either do it gradually with fertilizers and other additives in the soil itself or add the nutrients directly into the water, which will make your nutrient delivery faster and more accurate.
Essential nutrients for plants are split up into macro- and micro-nutrients, based on how much of the specific nutrient the plant requires to meet its nutritional needs. Macronutrients is a term used by growers to describe the nutrients that cannabis plants need the most. This list includes phosphorus, nitrogen, potassium, magnesium, calcium, and sulfur. Micronutrients refer to the remaining nutrients that are necessary for a plant to thrive, but those that only occur in small amounts, especially when compare to the macronutrients. Micronutrients include zinc, copper, iron, boron, manganese, and molybdenum. A good option is the Marijuana Booster. A great product composed of the exact right mix of nutrients to help the plant thrive and double your yield.
You’ll want to measure the pH of your plant substrate, making sure that it falls somewhere between 5.5 and 6.5. This is very important for the speed and efficiency at which different nutrients are absorbed by the plant.