Different types of marijuana

Different types of marijuana

Different types of marijuana

I will be talking about the differences between the Indica, Sativa and Hybrid cannabis types. They’re all marijuana but the differences are huge. Not only in appearance but also in growing needs, smell, taste, high and medicinal qualities. Here are some main differences between the three main types.
Also make sure to check the article “Different types of marijuana” to see what type you prefer!

Sativa
Perfect for growing outdoor.May help with ADD and depression. Energetic, euphoric effect. Sativa’s mostly grow very tall. An artists’ favorite because it helps free flowing creativity.
Indica
Perfect for growing indoor. Looks bushy and has wide leaves. Helps with anxiety, insomnia and pains for example. Relaxing, couch-locking effect. Mostly has a strong sweet or sour scent.
Ruderalis
Has a pretty short stature growing between 20-25 inches in height. This plant has very thick foliage. Hardly contains THC. Its genetic material is used for breeding autoflowers.

Different types of marijuana

 

My favorite strain for each type

Outdoor Mixpack
Sativa:
Super Silver Haze
For a great mind high I tend to favor this strain. And I just love seeing that thick layer of white crystals on those flowers!
Outdoor Mixpack
Indica:
Super Skunk

One of the most well-known strains in the world. This plant is really strong, perfect for beginners!

Outdoor Mixpack
Autoflower:
White Widow

White Widow has been an Amsterdam staple since the 1990’s and it’s still a classic! My love is strong for this one!

stemm splitting technique getting-the-most-out-of-your-marijuana-plants



 Have you ever heard of the stem splitting trick

This is a fascinating technique that helps your plants make bigger and badder buds that will blow your mind.

Essentially, stem splitting involves chopping a hole in the stem (make sure you know what you’re doing before just jumping in) and then allowing that hole to remain open, causing the plant to “freak out” and overproduce THC and trichomes (which is, obviously, a very good thing).

How it works

Stem splitting is all about increasing the levels of THC in your marijuana plant.

When your plant undergoes a specific type of stress, it reacts accordingly. In this case, you are messing with the flow of nutrients and water as it tries to make its way up the stem. That causes your plant to produce extra trichomes and THC, which means better and denser buds.

If you’re not familiar with trichomes, you should know that they are essential. They are where the glorious cannabinoids (such as THC) are made. Therefore, the more trichomes, the better. 

How to do it

You will need the following items to successfully perform the stem splitting technique:

●     Knife (very sharp and sterilized)
●     Ties or rope (2)

●     Pencil, chopstick, or another similar object

 

It is simple in concept but tricky in practice, so it’s a good idea to practice on just one marijuana plant at a time (per grow season) until you are confident you’ve got the hang of it.

If done wrong, it can end up doing more harm than good. So, make sure you are willing to sacrifice one marijuana plant in the name of the greater good before jumping in!

Ready to get started? Go here to learn how to do the stem splitting technique.

Strains with high THC
A few strains are well-known for their high levels of THC, which makes them even more perfect for these techniques.
Outdoor Mixpack
Skywalker OG
Outdoor Mixpack
Chrystal
Outdoor Mixpack

ROBERT BERGMAN LEERT JE OM MARIHUANA TE LATEN GROEIEN -OOGSTEN

ROBERT BERGMAN LEERT JE OM MARIHUANA TE LATEN GROEIEN.https://www.bergmanslab.com/?ref=24

 

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This is what fellow growers think of Bergman’s Lab

 

“First off the course is very well laid out and very informative. The topics are clear and easy to follow. The pictures are a huge help.I have some feminized white widow auto in my grow box right now under a DWC style. I will let you know how they turn out. You my friend are the real deal.” – Pete
“Your course taught me more than thousands of dollars in publications. I read all from Ed Rosenthal to George Cervantes but it felt like something was missing and you had to look between the lines. I am in the middle of a grow right now and am hoping I can salvage some of it with Bergman’s info.” – Mike

ROBERT BERGMAN LEERT JE OM MARIHUANA TE LATEN GROEIEN.

 

Grow Marijuana Yourself KWEEK JE EIGEN WIET

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Kweek je eigen Wiet:

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  • toetreden

    Abonneer u op de online cursus en word een MEMBER van Bergman’s Lab en kweek je eigen wiet. Als lid krijg je privé toegang tot mijn 20 jaar ervaring in het kweken van marihuana. Begin met het volgen van de gratis videocursus. Het leuk vinden? Meld je aan het einde van de cursus aan en word lid van mijn geheime team van elite marihuanatelers.

  • Volg de cursus

    Mijn online marihuana kweekcursus begeleidt je stap voor stap door je hele groeicyclus. Als een beginner kun je gewoon de stappen volgen. Als je al wat ervaring hebt en een aantal kweken onder de riem hebt, dan is de expertinformatie iets voor jou. Volg een van de vele gedetailleerde secties die u ECHT diep in de marihuanaplant brengen.

  • Kweek je eigen Wiet

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  • Persoonlijke ondersteuning

    Ons personeel van deskundige telers staat klaar om u te ondersteunen tijdens uw groei en u kunt deelnemen aan collega-telers op het platform van de privécommunity. Vraag naar de nieuwste tips en trucs en bespreek praktische tips om je kweektechnieken naar een nog hoger niveau te tillen!

Van zaad tot bloem

IK ZAL JE DOOR JE COMPLETE GROEICYCLUS LEIDEN. VAN HET ONTKIEMEN VAN JE ZADEN, HET ZORGEN VOOR JE ZAAILINGEN, ZE TOT BLOEI BRENGEN TOT HET OOGSTEN VAN JE EIGEN, PERFECT RUIKENDE VOORRAAD GEDROOGDE KNOPPEN.

How to double your harvest with autoflowering plants

Have you ever wished you could grow outdoor marijuana plants more than once per year? Well, you’re in luck because you totally can!

All you have to do is grow autoflowering marijuana plants rather than photosensitive ones.

If you plant the first batch early enough in the year, then harvest them and plant a second one during the middle of the summer, you can accomplish two harvests in the span of one grow season!

That’s right, folks, that means double the harvest (in theory at least).

And as a bonus, they’re really easy to grow!

Are you excited?

Check out some of our most popular autoflowering plants:

bubblegum auto
Bubblegum
Check it out
Blueberry auto
Blueberry
Check it out
Cheese auto
Cheese

What is an autoflowering marijuana plant?

Most marijuana plants are photosensitive (or photoperiod) plants. That means that their life cycle changes are based on the changes in lighting caused by the sun. Once they start getting a certain amount of uninterrupted darkness, they will begin to enter the flowering phase. This is their way of sticking with the seasons and flowering before it gets too cold for them to survive.

It used to be that autoflowering plants were always ruderalis strains (which are low in THC). They weren’t popular with the general marijuana crowd for obvious reasons, but once they were cross-bred with indica and sativa strains (high in THC), they created the autoflowering beauties we now see today.

What’s with the hype?

There are tons of reasons why everyone is excited about autoflowering marijuana plants. They include (but are not limited to):

  • Smaller in size (my nephew has a couple in his windowsill)
  • Fast growing
  • Great resistant to pests and diseases
  • Shorter grow season (ready to harvest in 10 weeks)

Check out the way autoflowers grow!

Have you ever seen an autoflowering marijuana plant grow? It’s known for its fast growing. We got an awesome timelapse where you can see a little one come up!

What you need to know about autoflowers

The main thing to consider is the fact that no two strains of autoflowering marijuana plants are the same.

Simply ordering “autoflowering” plants is not going to cut it — you’re still going to have to do your research.

The main thing to know about autoflowers is that their lifespan is shorter. So, it’s extra important to start out strong with the grow season because there is less time to compensate for a slow start. That means you should give your seedlings a lot of love!

If your first harvest is disappointing, just remember that you have a second try! In fact, your second grow cycle may be better mid-summer because they’ll get more sun right off the bat.

Find out more about autoflowering marijuana plants here.

And be sure to get your seeds now for your second round of autoflowers this season!

Hydroponics  a common way to up your plants’ yields

You’ve probably heard of hydroponics before; it’s a common way to up your plants’ yields.

It’s easy to have a successful marijuana harvest without jumping through any extra hoops.

However, it can be super-duper successful if you invest a little more time and money by using a hydroponics setup.

Even though it takes an extra bit of time and money (and a steeper learning curve), plants that are grown hydroponically can end up with much higher yields and a higher return on your overall investment. You can control every aspect to ensure that your plants have the most ideal environment.

Just be sure to start with high-quality seeds, check out these awesome strains:

Gorilla Glue #4
from $79.00
Banana Kush
from $59.00

Grow medium

First, you need to choose your hydroponic grow medium. These can include:

  • Rockwool
  • Clay pellets
  • Coconut fiber
  • Perlite
  • Vermiculite

Each has its own set of advantages and disadvantages. Your plant will sit in this growing medium, with the roots sitting in the water below. Be sure to do your research on each one before choosing one!

Hydroponic systems

There are different hydroponics systems out there. These are just some examples:

A passive system involves a pot being filled with a substrate, and then nylon gauze or something similar is placed in the substrate to help retain the solution as well as drain and distribute it. A static system is simple and cheap, but has the highest risk of damaging your plants’ roots. This is simply because the water isn’t circulating by itself. It is a good choice nonetheless for people who want to try out hydroponics for the first time.

Open circuit systems are the most expensive and are not recommended for small grows, but they are powerful and effective. They use a lot of fertilization (and therefore waste) and are most commonly used by commercial growers that are cultivating a large number of plants.

Closed circuit systems involve a nutrient solution cycling through the roots of plants. They are then collected in a trough at the end. It is a much less wasteful system that is also easier on the wallet.

Ebb and flow systems, on the other hand, involve flooding your plants’ roots with the nutrient solution and then letting it go back down. It’s best used when attached to an automated system.

pH and EC

In hydroponics systems, pH and EC levels are extremely important. Your setup should probably be somewhere between 5 and 6, with the exact number depending on what stage of growth your plants are currently in. Be sure to stay on top of your pH level. The EC (electric conductance) is also important; keep it somewhere between 0.8 and 2.0 (depending on the stage of growth).

However, it can be super-duper successful if you invest a little more time and money by using a hydroponics setup.

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Growing Bigger Buds with Marijuana Booster
Whether you’re growing marijuana for personal use or you’re looking to make a little extra
money on the side, you always want to have the biggest buds. The buds are where you get the
most “meat” on the marijuana plant, and you’ll certainly be able to enjoy the fruits of your labor
for much longer with bigger buds. But, achieving big buds isn’t always a matter of plant genetics
or complete luck. You have to put in a lot of effort, and you have to understand exactly what the
plant needs at each stage of its life.
For starters, you have to understand the basics of nutrient uptake within the plant. Nutrients act
like food for the plant to thrive and grow tall. Of course, nutrients are also largely responsible for
the size of the buds by the time the harvest comes around. Nutrients aren’t the only variable, but
they’re wildly important. The main triplet of nutrients that you’ll often come across in most
fertilizers consists of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K). On most fertilizers, there
is a little “NPK” value that indicates how much of each nutrient is in the fertilizer.
For the most part, you’ll want a fertilizer with a higher concentration of nitrogen during
vegetative state. Nitrogen is primarily responsible for the overall growth and healthy function of
the plant. It helps the plant thrive during vegetative state and it also sets the stage for success
once your plants enter the flowering stage. When a plant reaches flowering stage, they require a
different kind of fertilizer concentration—one that is higher in phosphorus and potassium than
nitrogen. At that point, it’s a good idea to switch to a “bloom fertilizer” to help out with bud
growth.
The Benefits of Marijuana Booster
This is really the traditional way to grow larger buds, and it has worked to a certain degree for
years. But, there are a lot more than just three nutrients at play in fertilizers and inside the living
marijuana plant. It can be hard to hit the right balance of nutrients during vegetative state and
flowering state. If you could find a fertilizer product that would take the nutrient guesswork out
of your hands, then you’d probably jump at that opportunity. One such product is Marijuana
Booster, a revolutionary growth program that can guarantee you a good return on your
investment. If you want bigger buds from your harvest, then Marijuana Booster can certainly
help out.
It does so by providing a large mix of nutrients that are best suited to growing large, healthy
plants with large, healthy buds. You won’t just find the standard “NPK” nutrients in Marijuana
Booster. You’ll encounter plenty of micronutrients like boron, manganese, calcium, and more.
Marijuana Booster is essentially the perfect mixture of nutrients to help marijuana grow to its
fullest capacity with huge buds dripping with THC. It also comes with a feeding and watering
schedule to help you along the way. If you want to get ahead of the game, then Marijuana
Booster gives you the best option.

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earn money Marijuana

“I think those program really great for everyone from beginning experience till grow it out to be professional experience later on then you know what to do everything that all.”

Ryan Baker –

“This is the best place buy any goods for your needs which is number #1”

Christopher Baines –

“I am a customer of ILGM and have the free Grow Bible since 2016 and I am very impressed with the information and easy to follow instructions.
I have personally ordered the feminized White Widow seeds from ILGM and I can honestly report that all 10 seeds germinated and produced very nice, potent buds. My seeds come discreetly packaged and safely delivered to my mailbox. It only took 5 days for all 10 seeds to germinate, then placed under fluorescent lights in my grow tent for a good week or so before being introduced to 600 watt sodium vapour lights for vegetative growth, then on to the 1000 watt for flowering. I followed the recommendations in the ILGM Grow Bible and ended up with just over a pound of high quality white widow buds for my personal use. It saved me lots of money and I know exactly what I am smoking! I will never purchase my seeds from any other source than ILGM !! I highly recommend this service to anyone interested in firing your dealer and growing your own potent weed for a fraction of the price! Learn to grow your own wicked buds by grabbing the Free Grow Bible Today!
Since you are interested in growing, then I recommend making your seed purchases right from the website when you enter your info for the free bible!
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EASTER SALE (because bunnies love marijuana plants)

eastersale marijuana plants

EASTER SALE (because bunnies love marijuana plants)

The other day, the Easter Bunny stopped by our office and asked me to deliver a message to you.

He said he doesn’t appreciate the practice of millions of children savagely eating chocolate replicas of his likeness. It’s cruel, and disrespectful to bunnies everywhere!

He also said I should have a sale in his honor because bunnies love marijuana plants.

So here’s a tip of the Easter sale iceberg:

EASTER SALE (because bunnies love marijuana plants

But we have way more delicious strains on offer for the occasion!

So instead of (or in addition to…who am I to judge!) breaking off a chocolate bunny ear this year, why not enjoy these wonderful discounts?

Check out all these tasty Easter Deals!

Ideal Temperature For Marijuana Plants

The temperature in your grow room is very important for the photosynthesis of your marijuana plants. For example, low temperatures reduces evaporation through the leaves. The result is that the suction force, which takes up nutrients via the roots, becomes smaller.

Ideal Temperature For Marijuana Plants

The temperature in your grow room is very important for the photosynthesis of your marijuana plants. For example, low temperatures reduces evaporation through the leaves. The result is that the suction force, which takes up nutrients via the roots, becomes smaller.

The nutrients that are necessary, but aren’t absorbed, remain in the growing medium and eventually disintegrates in the root environment. A high acidity in the growing medium reduces the working of the roots which makes the plant absorbs less water and nutrients, and the growth can even come to a halt.

So what posed as a small external imperfection at first, can have serious consequences in an entirely different part of the plant. Therefore it’s very important to create a good climate in your grow room. Read this article and you know everything there is to know about temperature & marijuana.

And please share your knowledge or ask questions in the comments below.

 

Effects on the plant

A plant’s temperature is vital to their health, but unfortunately, unlike animals and humans, plants cannot create their own heat. Instead, your marijuana plant will be entirely dependent on its environment.

A plant’s temperature develops from a combination of external light, external temperature, and the amount of evaporation. A plant’s exact temperature is not something you can read on a thermometer, but it is a definite measure of health.

One example of how temperature can affect the overall health of your plants is the process of photosynthesis. To a certain degree, photosynthesis is not affected by temperature – it can safely occur at 60ºF (15ºC) or 85ºF (30ºC). Regardless of the temperature, your plant will still be able to produce enough sugar.

How does photosynthesis works cannabis?

How does photosynthesis works?

Temperature becomes a factor when your plant needs to send those sugars to the places they’re needed. Sugar doesn’t move as well when it’s less than 68ºF (20ºC). In fact, the sugars will get stuck, and your plant will suffer.

When this happens in mature plants and only lasts a few days, it’s not that big of a problem. Once the temperature is resolved, the backed-up sugars will go where they should be. However, in immature plants, this situation will stunt the plant’s growth.

Tip: make sure to download my free Grow Bible  and learn how a marijuana plant grows

Another temperature- sensitive function is respiration. Respiration decreases as the temperature drops. This should be a good thing because it lowers the amount of energy a plant uses. However, it also creates a dangerous crutch.

When a heavier crop develops because of a lowered temperature, total crop respiration increases . Because of this, when the temperature increases, more energy is needed to keep the plant alive. This leaves little room for the plant to grow.

Maintaining the perfect temperature for your plants can be tricky. Lucky for growers, there’s already plenty of research around the ideal temperatures for your plants. So keep on reading…

 

Grow room

The ideal temperature in your grow room depends on several factors. The location of your room in the building is an important one; in a basement it’s a lot cooler than in an attic with a flat roof.

Aside from that, the size of your room, the airflow, the number of lights and the extraction rates play an important role. Keep this in mind when building your grow room.

Image powered by Bergmanslab.com

temperature cuttings and seedlings

Temperature between 68ºF and 77ºF for cuttings and seedlings

When the light is turned on, an ideal temperature for the cuttings and seedlings is between 68ºF and 77ºF (20ºC and 25ºC). As the plants get older they can evaporate a little bit more and the temperature may increase to a maximum of 82ºF (28ºC).

When the lights are off, the temperature should lie between 59ºF and 72ºF (15ºC and 22ºC). Another important rule is that the temperature differences between day and night cannot be too high, a maximum difference of 18ºF (10ºC). So when it’s 82ºF (28ºC) during the day, it cannot go below 64ºF (18ºF) at night.

 

Relation to humidity

First, here’s a bit of information on how humidity works. The air our plants ‘breathe’ contains water vapor. The amount of water vapor in the air can vary. This is the humidity.

In a grow room, the humidity is always a bit higher because the plant’s leaves evaporate water. Marijuana plants only use 10% of the water they absorb for growing and evaporate the other 90%.

However, the air can only hold a certain amount as well. When this number is reached, condensation begins. You’ll notice condensation as little droplets of water in the colder areas of your grow room or on your plant.

Temperature plays a huge role in humidity because it affects the amount of water vapor that the air can hold. Warm air can handle much more water vapor than cold air.

Humidity while growing

Humidity while growing

How do you know you are getting close to having too much moisture? The relative humidity (RH) is a measurement of the percentage of moisture already in the air. For example, an RH reading of 70% indicates that more water vapor can be absorbed into the air. However, 70% at 77 degrees is different than 70% at 68 degrees, because warmer air can hold more moisture.

Specifically, at the higher temperature, 2 pounds of air could have as much as .45 ounces of water vapor in it. On the other hand, 2 pounds of 68-degree air only holds .32 ounces. So, if you allow the air to cool down, the air can hold less water vapor, leading to condensation while also raising the relative humidity.

Example: 77 Degree air cooled to 73 degrees — RH rise from 70% to 80%

This process leads to what is commonly known as the dew point. The dew point occurs when the air can no longer hold any more water vapor, and it condenses into droplets called dew.

In the example above, we know that the dew point of 77 degrees with 70% RH is 66 degrees. Therefore, we must keep the temperature above 66 degrees to prevent excessive moisture.

Ideal humidity for marijuana seedlings

Ideal humidity for marijuana seedlings

Maintaining proper moisture in your grow room is important because a properly ventilated grow room always experiences regular drops in temperature. The heat from the lamps as well as the naturally humid air is regularly sucked out through fans and other ventilation methods. Regardless, you must make sure the humidity levels are optimal for your plants.

We discuss ways to increase humidity here.

 

How to measure temperatues

You measure the temperature in your marijuana grow room with a thermometer. There are analog and digital thermometers, and they’re for sale everywhere for a few bucks. I always use a digital thermo/hygrometer (something like this one) with a built-in memory, so I can see what the maximum and minimum temperature was.

It’s also a good idea to get one with a temperature sensor on a wire, so you can hang the display outside your grow room, and can see the temperature when the lights are off.

Measuring temperature and humidity

Measuring temperature and humidity

Always measure the temperature in the shade, and at various places in your growing room. Provide good air flow by placing several fans. The lamps emit radiant heat which does not affect the air temperature.

Therefore it will always be a few degrees warmer right under the lamp than a shaded spot. That is not really an issue, but make sure there’s enough distance between the lamp and the plant, so the tips of the plants won’t literally burn. Radiant heat does affect the leaf temperature.

 

How to lower temperatures

Heat often becomes a problem in your grow room. This has to do with the fact that the lamps we use produce a lot of heat. Fluorescent lighting is not really a big deal, but HPS lamps can heat up your room to soaring temperatures of 122ºF (50ºC), which is fatal to your marijuana plants.

First of all, the dimension of the room is important. For a 600 watt HPS lamp always use a minimum space of 3 ft x 3 ft x 6.5 ft (100cm x 100cm x 200 cm) .

For the extraction, use the following simple formula; number of watts divided by two = extractor in cubic feet (meters). So 2 x 600watt HPS is requires an extractor fan of  22000 cubic ft. (600m3). The extractor fan blows the hot air outside, and sucks in fresh air inside.

You can put a carbon filter on it, so it doesn’t blow marijuana smelling air out. You can also put ballasts etc. outside your grow room because they generate a lot of heat.

carbon filter in growroom

Lower your temparature by using a extractor with filter

Perhaps the easiest way to keep the temperature low is by running at night. Your lamps will turn on for a few hours after the sun has set, and turn off a couple of hours after sun rise. This way you’ll have your lights on at the coolest period of the day.

You can imagine that if it’s hot weather outside, you’ll also suck this hot air into your grow room with your extractor. So, the room temperature never gets below the hot temperature outside. There are professional growers who use an air conditioning unit so they can run it during the day and at night.

 

How to increase temperatures

When the lights are on, it’s not necessary to increase the temperature. The lamps themselves will take care of that. However, it is important to distribute the air over your room evenly so that you’ll get the same temperature everywhere. Use swivel fans for this, and aim them between the lamps and the plant.

increase temperature while growing cannabis

Increase the temperature while growing by using swivel fans

Fresh air from outside should also be well distributed over the growing area, so that there won’t be any cold spots. Especially in winter when temperature can get below freezing.

When the lights are off, it can get cold in your grow room. Luckily there are plenty of things you can do to increase the temperature. A simple space heater with thermostat is usually sufficient enough to heat your space. However, they do consume a lot of electricity. A radiator with a thermostat works fine too. You can also turn off the extractor fan (that provides the fresh air) on the moment the lamps turn off. This can be done by a so-called fan controller with thermostat, or with a timer.

 

Seedlings and clones

Clones do not have their root system yet, so they depend on transpiration for their water. Therefore, they require high amounts of humidity, at least until they have fully formed roots. Many growers use a humidity dome to create an ideal amount of humidity for clones.

Image powered by Bergmanslab.com

humidity for growing clones

Clones like a high humidity

The ideal temperature for clones is between 68-77°F (20-25°C) with high humidity. At these temperatures, they should quickly form roots and become more self-sufficient. These temperatures are similar for seedlings.

Vegetative stage

During the vegetative stage, young plants prefer a high humidity (70% or more) and temperatures between 68-77°F (20-25°C). However, as the plant gets older, a slightly lower humidity is okay. This is more of an issue for indoor grown plants, as outdoor grown plants are able to withstand more temperature fluctuations.

Tip: make sure to download my free Grow Bible for more information about the marijuana plant life cycle

Buy 10 seeds, get 20 seeds
The ideal temperature during the vegetative stage is between 68-77°F (20-25°C) with moderate humidity while also providing slightly cooler temperatures during dark periods.

The cooler ‘night’ periods are perfect for encouraging growth. Don’t let temperatures drop below 59ºF (15ºC). Once the plant matures, it should be able to withstand cooler temperatures during the day and drier air as well.

 

Flowering stage

Once your plant reaches the flowering stage, it can thrive at a comfortable room temperate with low humidity. Unless you are adding additional CO2 to your grow room, a temperature under 82°F (28°C) is ideal. These lower temperatures encourage potent, trichome rich buds that you can smell and enjoy before you burn them.

Don’t go over 82°F (28°C) because higher temperatures cause terpenes to evaporate and they also slow bud growth. If your buds are too hot during this time, you may be literally burning away the good stuff as they grow, leaving very little taste or smell by the time of harvest.

Be especially careful to keep it comfortable for your plant after week 6 or 7. This is when terpene production is at its max, and you risk evaporating them due to high heat.

For optimal trichome production, make sure it is slightly cooler during the dark periods. The change in temperature may trigger increased terpene content as it optimizes plant processes. Just don’t make it too cold.

Humidity during flowering stage

Creat the ideal temperature during flowering stage

If you aren’t familiar with terpenes, they involve much more than taste and smell. They also impact the color of both the buds and the entire plant. Terpenes are responsible for the tomatoes red color, and they possibly may do something similar in certain cannabis strains. With the proper dark-period temperatures, you can bring out interesting colors in your plants (such as blue, pink and purple).

This phenomenon depends on the strain, of course. Most marijuana plants only grow green buds, but if you want to see what your plant can do, keep it cool for it ‘night’ temperatures and find out.

 

Drying and curing

Harvesting is not the last step to top-quality bud. Even with the best genetics, you’ll need to properly dry and cure your buds. Perhaps half of what determines great marijuana is how it has been dried or cured.

Professional dried and cured marijuana is more potent, looks better and produces a smoother smoke.
It will have that ‘sticky-icky’ feeling that marijuana lovers crave.

temperature and humidity while drying

Maintain the right temperature and humidity while drying

If you want the best results from your harvest, focus on maintaining the correct temperature and humidity throughout the entire process. This will help prevent mold and over-drying as well as make it easier to produce the best weed possible.

Keep temperatures around 64°F (18°C) and the humidity at 45%. The values on the picture above are not correct. I made this pictures just after harvesting so temperature and humidity were still high.

Create a smooth air flow bud don’t blow directly on your buds. This will cause them to dry too quickly.

 

Too low

Marijuana grown indoors functions best at moderate temperatures between 68 and 77°F (20-25°C) during the light period and a drop of no more than 18°F (10°C) to 60°F (15°C) during the dark period. CO2-enriched plants will produce more at a marginally higher temperature of just under 82°F (28°C).

What if the temperature in your marijuana grow room is too cold? If the temperature drops below 60°F (15°C) during the dark period, plants will grow more slowly and yields will not be as abundant. This won’t be readily apparent if you aren’t particularly familiar with the garden’s normal output.

CO2 system setup

CO2 system setup. Over $1000,- investment

A few nights of cool temperatures won’t significantly damage your crop, but if it continues to occur throughout the flowering period, it can definitely be cause for concern. A CO2 generator or electric heater can heat the room adequately.

 

Too high

If the floor can have a steady temperature at around 80°F (27°C), the roots will be warmed and the stems and leaves will withstand influxes of colder air. A heating mat is ideal if you’ve only got a few plants to worry about.

Larger gardens might require the use of a recirculating hot water heater to ensure optimal temperatures.

Tip: make sure to download my free Grow Bible for more information about the influence of temperature on marijuana plants

Marijuana plants won’t usually die from heat, but they can cause the plant to grow slower. High heat (above 80 degrees) while its flowering will not only slow down the bud growth, but it will also reduce the smell and potency. If you care about growing buds with plenty of cannabinoids, you need to be sure to keep the temperature under control during the flowering stage.

Heat also causes other problems for cannabis. When it is too hot, your plant is more likely to suffer from spider mites, root rot, white powdery milder, nutrient burn, wilting and increased stretching. These situations are even more likely if it is also humid, or if there is increased water transpiration.

 

Outdoor

Most outdoor varieties can endure temperatures as low as 50°F (10°C) without any problem. That being said, fifty degrees is still not an ideal temperature because it tends to slow down tissue growth and photosynthesis later in the day.

Result of wrong temperature

Anything below 40°F (4°C) can result in damage to the tissue. Gas patio heaters can keep gardens warm on frigid nights. Maintaining a temperature of 60 degrees will promote plant growth substantially.

These outdoor plants can also benefit from a polyethylene plastic covering that keeps things nice and toasty while also protecting the garden from the elements. Heaters can increase protection even more.

 

Cooltubes

For a quick fix, just keep the lights farther away from the plants. If you want something more substantial, try installing air-cooled lights with reflectors that will reduce the heat near the light. Water-cooled lights are actually more effective at diminishing light-generated heat.

air-cooled lights

Air-cooled lights, quick fix

For the most part, HPS lights should maintain a distance of around 3 to 4 inches per 100 watt from the tops of the plants. Air-cooled lights make the acceptable distance range between 2 and 3 inches per 100 watt.

Water-cooled lights make the acceptable distance about 2 inches or even less per 100 watt from the plant tops. With light movers, you can move the lights closer or farther away depending on your preference.

Check this table with distances for all grow lights. Including LED and CFL.

 

Heatstress

Don’t stress out your plants. If your plant gets too warm, photosynthesis is impacted, enzymes activity decreases, and fewer proteins are produced. Some proteins even break down. If this continues long enough, your plant can die.

This rarely happens to outdoor grown plants because we are referring to temperatures greater than 105 degrees. However, this can occur in indoor setups if you are not paying attention.

Heatstress cannabis

Heatstress on plants – leaves curl up inwards

You’ll recognize heat stress on the top leaves of your plant. They will start to turn yellow and curl inward. This happens as the plant tries to protect itself from the heat. To see it in action, put a lamp too close to your plant. It’s a simple mistake that can quickly cost your plant its life.

Prevent this from happening to your plants by keeping your lamps a bit higher than your plants and/or by using a fan to blow away some of that excessive heat.

Check out my marijuana seedshop  for a wide selection of top-quality seeds. We ship to the United States, Canada, and a number of other countries. If the order doesn’t get to you or the seeds don’t germinate, then you can get new seeds free of charge.

Happy growing,

Robert

Webmasters Earn Money Here!

Grow your plants organically and growing by the moon

 
grow cannabis

In een nieuw vensterGrow your plants organically and growing by the moon

 

 
 
 
 grow bible
 
 
 
 
 grow autoflower
 
 
 
 

Even if you’re an expert, I can still teach you some stuff!

 

Hey,

You might consider yourself an expert marijuana grower, but I guarantee I can still teach you some stuff.

Do you know how to grow your plants organically?

Or better yet, did you know you can grow your marijuana based on the phases of the moon?

Here’s a little bit on both of those things.

But first, I wanted to remind you that I have recently added NEW STRAINS to my shop!

A lot of you have been asking for more autoflowers, so here we are: OG Kush Autoflower and Jack Herer Autoflower are our newest members of the club.

Make sure you check out all new strains.

   

OG Kush Autoflower

Check it out

Jack Herer Autoflower

Check it out
 

Natural/organic growing

Tons of growers are successful at growing their marijuana plants using only organic and natural ingredients as nutrients and pesticides.

Being growers and climate-conscious seem to go hand in hand, and many of us want to lessen our carbon and chemical footprint (as well as keep the product as healthy and safe as possible).

While organic and natural growing is not exactly the same thing, it often happens that a grower will do both — intentionally or unintentionally.

Growing outside is ideal because it will lower your carbon footprint even further.

To grow marijuana organically outdoors:

  • Use natural nutrients
  • Use natural pesticides
  • Use nutrients as little as possible (for less run-off)
  • Use drip irrigation

Traditional composting is one of the best ways to get your plants everything they need. Make your own compost pile from food scraps and plant waste to create a cheap, nutrient-rich mixture that is excellent for plants.

Read more about growing naturally
 

Growing marijuana with the moon

Everyone thinks about the sun when they are growing outdoors, but it turns out that the moon is important too!

Lunar movements have tons of effects on the world around us, including our marijuana plants.

  • When the moon is waxing, for example, your plants will be developing their leave and stems.
  • When the moon is waning, your plants will use their energy more for their root systems.

This is why harvesting during a waxing moon is ideal. It is also the best time to water your plants (but be extra careful with nutrients during this time).

Germination is best done during the crescent moon phase. Marijuana takes in more nutrients during the gibbous phase due to the gravitation pull of the moon. Your plant will be taking some much-needed R & R from growing during the balsamic moon phase, making it the best time to prune, do some weeding, and prep for the next stage.

Read more about growing with the moon
 flag USA

Take care of your plants, and they’ll take of you. That is, of course, if you start out with great seeds.

Visit my shop to find your perfect strain.

 

Happy growing,

 
Robert

Robert Bergman

 
ilovegrowingmarijuana.com
 

PS. If you haven’t already, be sure to check out the new mixpacks. Great seed combination with a hefty discount!

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Greenhouse Basics leads to higher quality

ton of reasons to grow your plants in a greenhouse,Typically leads to higher quality bud including:

Simpler than an indoor grow setup
Protection from the elements
A more consistent and predictable grow environment
Better for northern climates (compared to growing outdoors)
Natural heating, but with the possibility of heating it further yourself
Typically leads to higher quality bud

Greenhouse Basics

While growing marijuana indoors or outside can be tons of fun, growing marijuana inside a greenhouse is super practical and highly effective.

There are a ton of reasons to grow your plants in a greenhouse, including:

  • Simpler than an indoor grow setup

  • Protection from the elements

  • A more consistent and predictable grow environment

  • Better for northern climates (compared to growing outdoors)

  • Natural heating, but with the possibility of heating it further yourself

  • Typically leads to higher quality bud

Hop over here to check out the full article on greenhouse growing!

greenhouse

Ready to grow, but haven’t decided on seeds yet? I assembled a whole bunch of new mixpack combinations so everyone can find a combination that fits their preference. Be sure to check out these delicious packs because these are some of the best combo-offers out there!

greenhouse

Download the Marijuana Grow Bible today and grow like a pro by tomorrow!

 
 
 

  Greenhouse Basics

Greenhouse allow for two types of growing: planting your marijuana straight into the ground, or growing your plants in pots. Either one will work well, depending on your particular preferences and lifestyle.

Greenhouses are extremely versatile — in other words, you can do just about anything you want with them. Many people prefer to use an automated system because it means they don’t have to do much in the way of daily care. Automatic watering is one of the best ways to ease your daily routine.

Keep in mind that having a greenhouse means that you can start the growing season quite a bit earlier than if you were growing outside. Once there is enough sun for it, get your plants going. The greenhouse will be significantly warmer than the outside temperatures, and if it gets especially cold it isn’t too hard to heat up the closed environment of a greenhouse.

It goes without saying that starting the season earlier is going to help your plants grow bigger, bushier, and have more potent buds. This is a huge reason why greenhouse growing is becoming so popular.

You can even get your plants to enter the flowering phase earlier because you can darken your greenhouse to “trick” your plants into “thinking” it’s later in the season than it actually is.

The main thing to remember in a greenhouse is ventilation. This differs from when you are growing your plants outdoors, of course, so be sure to install a proper ventilation system before you have even started growing.

Make sure to check out the full article on greenhouse growing!

 

Happy growing,

Fixing climate control free-marijuana-grow-bible/

Fixing climate control free-marijuana-grow-bible/ Download the Marijuana Grow Bible today by clicking the button below, and grow like a pro by tomorrow!

Fixing climate problems and free-marijuana-grow-bible/

Whether you are growing indoors or outdoors, with the marijuana grow bible your  plants thrive under an optimal climate. It’s very important to keep an eye on your growing space, indoors or outdoors. Make sure to at least check the temperature and humidity regularly.

Download the Marijuana Grow Bible today by clicking the button below, and grow like a pro by tomorrow!

 Click here for the FREE grow bible 

You will know you have a temperature problem when your marijuana plants begin showing signs of stress, specifically on the leaves nearest the source of light (or heat if it’s a different source).

Keep an eye on the following symptoms:

  • Leaf edges curl upwards
  • Yellowing leaves
  • Brown spots on leaves
  • Leaf burns
  • Slowed growth

Preventative measures are the best way to keep your grow room temperature from becoming a problem. You can get lights that are either air or water-cooled, therefore keeping the heat produced out of your grow room. It basically just uses tubing to redirect the heat produced by the lamps outside so the same amount of heat can be produced without actually affecting your grow room.

Een schoon en veilig cannabis-extract maken

Een schoon en veilig cannabis-extract maken

STEVEN CASSINI – LACASSINI RESEARCH
Steven Cassini is onderzoeker en oprichter van LaCassini Research, een geregistreerd laboratorium gespecialiseerd in biotechnologie. Daarnaast is Steven oprichter van Qannabis.nl, een online analyse-platform waar men cannabisproducten op inhoudsstoffen kan laten analyseren. In zijn eerste bijdrage op Mediwietsite gaat hij uitgebreid in op de meest veilige en beste manier om een cannabis-extract te maken.

Een schoon en veilig cannabis-extract maken

Extract maken
Het internet staat vol tips over het gebruik van diverse vloeistoffen voor het maken van een cannabisextract. Maar welke vloeistof kun je nou het beste gebruiken? En welke vloeistof is veilig in gebruik? Op deze vrij simpele vragen is opmerkelijk genoeg een deskundig antwoord niet zo snel te vinden. In dit artikel gaan we uitgebreid aandacht besteden aan de effectiviteit en de veiligheid voor het gebruik van diverse vloeistoffen om een cannabis-extract te maken.

Een cannabisextract of concentraat wordt verkregen door plantmateriaal op te lossen in een oplosmiddel waarna het oplosmiddel wordt ingedampt zodat er een extract rijk aan cannabinoïden (de werkzame stoffen in cannabis) overblijft.

Oplosmiddelen
Allereerst beginnen we bij de basis en geldt zoals bij het maken van elk plantextract dat je moet weten welke bestanddelen je uit het plantmateriaal wilt extraheren. Alle planten (dus ook cannabis) bevatten zowel lipofiele (vetoplosbare) bestanddelen als hydrofiele (wateroplosbare) bestanddelen.

De polariteit van een vloeistof bepaalt hoe goed een bestanddeel zal oplossen. De polariteit van een vloeistof wordt bepaald door meerdere factoren zoals de temperatuur, pH en het aantal positieve (+) of negatieve (-) molecuul-verbindingen. Polaire vloeistoffen zoals water mengen niet met apolaire (anti-polaire) vloeistoffen zoals olie of koolwaterstoffen zoals Petroleum Ether. Om deze reden kun je olie dus ook niet mengen met water want olie is apolair (anti-polair) en mengt niet met water (polair).

Lipofiel en hydrofiel
Lipo is de Griekse betekenis voor ‘vet’ en fiel betekend ‘liefhebbend’. Een lipofiel bestanddeel houd dus van vet en zal dan ook alleen oplossen in apolaire vloeistoffen zoals olie. Hydro is de Griekse betekenis voor ‘water’. Het spreekt voor zich dat een hydrofiel bestanddeel dus alleen zal oplossen in polaire vloeistoffen zoals water.

Polariteit van een oplosmiddel
Water is polair en koolwaterstoffen zoals Petroleum Ether, Butaan, Chloroform en Hexaan zijn apolair. Het is van groot belang om te weten dat cannabinoïden alleen goed oplossen in apolaire oplosmiddelen. Bij het maken van een cannabis-extract wil je namelijk zoveel mogelijk cannabinoïden extraheren. Cannabinoïden zijn lipofiel (vet liefhebbend). Hoe minder polair het oplosmiddel is des te sneller en beter de cannabinoïden zullen oplossen.

Om overzichtelijk te maken welke oplosmiddelen van apolair naar polair lopen heb ik een handige polariteitsindex gemaakt. Met behulp van de onderstaande polariteitsindex kun je zien welke vloeistoffen meer of minder polair zijn.
polariteit

Zoals je kunt zien staat water helemaal onderaan en Butaan helemaal bovenaan. Dit betekent dat water het meest polair is en Butaan het minst. Hoe minder polair het oplosmiddel is des te beter de cannabinoïden zullen oplossen.

Beste oplosmiddel
Nu dat we weten dat lipofiele bestanddelen zoals cannabinoïden alleen goed oplossen in apolaire vloeistoffen kunnen we aan de hand van de polariteitsindex een keuze maken uit een aantal oplosmiddelen. Om het juiste oplosmiddel te kiezen dien je rekening te houden met een aantal belangrijke factoren zoals de kwaliteit, de veiligheid en het kookpunt van van het oplosmiddel. Het feit dat een bepaald oplosmiddel ideaal is om de cannabinoïden in op te lossen zegt natuurlijk niets over de veiligheid en de kwaliteit van het betreffende oplosmiddel.

Bij het maken van een cannabis-extract met een oplosmiddel staat veiligheid altijd voorop. Het wil niet zeggen dat het oplosmiddel waar de cannabinoïden het beste in oplossen ook daadwerkelijk veilig kan worden gebruikt. Het is daarom van groot belang om de veiligheidsaspecten zoals het kookpunt en de toxicologische (giftige) eigenschappen van het oplosmiddel goed te bestuderen. Deze informatie staat altijd in het veiligheidsblad (MSDS) van de fabrikant en kun je via Google raadplegen als je zoekt op de naam van het oplosmiddel en daarachter MSDS typt. Bijvoorbeeld: isopropanol MSDS

Kookpunt
Nu dat we een overzicht hebben met apolaire oplosmiddelen moeten we kijken naar het kookpunt van het oplosmiddel. Ook hierbij moet er worden gekeken naar de eigenschappen van de cannabinoïden. Als de cannabinoïde-zuren zoals THC-A en CBD-A behouden moeten blijven dan is het van belang om een oplosmiddel te kiezen met een zo laag mogelijk kookpunt om decarboxylatie van de cannabinoïden te voorkomen.

Een oplosmiddel met een lager kookpunt brengt meestal grotere risico’s met zich mee omdat de gassen tijdens het indampen en het oplosmiddel zelf zeer licht ontvlambaar zijn en daarom niet geschikt om thuis mee te experimenteren.

Selectieve oplosmiddelen
De oplosmiddelen die bovenaan de polariteitsindex staan zoals Butaan, Hexaan en Pentaan zijn het meest apolair en extraheren alleen de cannabinoïden, lipofiele terpenen en de waxen. Deze oplosmiddelen geven een mooi goudkleurig concentraat zonder dat het de polaire bestanddelen zoals chlorofyl (bladgroen) uit het plantmateriaal oplost. Met een selectief apolair oplosmiddel kun je een cannabis-extract maken met een cannabinoïde percentage van 70 – 85%.

Minder selectieve oplosmiddelen
Hoe minder apolair het oplosmiddel des te meer andere bestanddelen er zullen oplossen. Ethanol en isopropanol (IPA) hebben de eigenschap om zowel lipofiele als hydrofiele bestanddelen op te lossen waardoor er dus meer plant-bestanddelen in het extract terecht komen. Hoe langer het plantmateriaal in contact blijft met het oplosmiddel des te meer andere bestanddelen er uit het plantmateriaal worden getrokken. Een extract dat voor langere tijd in ethanol of isopropanol is getrokken heeft een gemiddeld percentage van 30 tot 45 procent.

Omdat cannabinoïden zich in de trichomen bevinden en niet in het blad is het niet nodig om het plantmateriaal uren, dagen of zoals sommigen doen, wekenlang in een pot te laten staan in de hoop dat er dan meer cannabinoïden oplossen. De trichomen bevinden zich op het blad, met name in de toppen.

Oplossen werkzame stoffen
Het afspoelen van de trichomen kan eenvoudig door het plantmateriaal in een pot met ethanol of isopropanol gedurende een korte periode (1-3 minuten) krachtig te schudden en vervolgens te filteren. Hiermee voorkom je dat er teveel ongewenste plantbestanddelen zoals bijvoorbeeld bladgroen mee komt waar het extract een bittere smaak van kan krijgen.

Om de trichomen van het plantmateriaal te spoelen zijn er diverse producten op de markt te verkrijgen zoals de Cannolator van Wernard Bruining of de HPE (High Pressure Extraction) kit van LaCassini Research. Met het afspoelen van de cannabinoïden, zonder het plantmateriaal lange tijd te laten weken in het oplosmiddel kun je met ethanol of isopropanol een gemiddeld percentage behalen van 50 – 65%.

Hoe langer het plantmateriaal in contact blijft met het oplosmiddel des te meer andere bestanddelen er zullen oplossen waardoor het uiteindelijke percentage aan cannabinoïden in het extract minder zal zijn. Het extraheren werkt beter als het plantmateriaal enkele uren in de vriezer heeft gelegen. De trichomen zullen zich dan sneller scheiden van het plantmateriaal en beter oplossen in het oplosmiddel.

Veiligheid en omgeving
De omgeving waar de extractie plaatsvindt en de apparatuur die voor het extraheren gebruikt wordt speelt een grote rol bij de algehele veiligheid. Met de juiste apparatuur kan in een laboratorium-omgeving prima gebruik worden gemaakt van zeer vluchtige en brandbare oplosmiddelen terwijl het gebruik van dezelfde oplosmiddelen in een huis-, tuin- en keuken omgeving levensgevaarlijk kan zijn. Veiligheid hangt dus niet alleen af van de eigenschappen van het oplosmiddel, maar ook van de omgeving waar het extractieproces plaatsvindt en de kennis en zorgvuldigheid van degene die de extractie uitvoert.

Kwaliteit van het oplosmiddel
Er circuleren veel verhalen op het internet over Petroleum Ether en isopropanol (IPA) alcohol en of deze wel of geen residu achterlaten. Onder de term residu wordt verstaan de reststoffen die achterblijven na het volledig indampen van het oplosmiddel.

Of er wel of geen reststoffen (residu) achterblijven heeft alles te maken met de kwaliteit van het oplosmiddel. Een HPLC-grade (hoge kwaliteit) Petroleum Ether of isopropanol (IPA) zal bij volledige indamping absoluut geen andere reststoffen (residu) achterlaten. HPLC is een analyse-methode en de oplosmiddelen die daarbij worden gebruikt in het lab zijn zeer zuiver en bevatten geen kleine hoeveelheden aan reststoffen.

Echter is het gebruik van oplosmiddelen die niet HPLC-grade zijn niet geschikt om te gebruiken voor het maken van een cannabis-extract. Ook als er op de verpakking staat dat het 99,9999% isopropanol betreft is deze niet geschikt. Dit komt omdat de isopropanol is verwerkt en afgevuld in een fabriek waar dezelfde machines worden gebruikt voor het verwerken en afvullen van andere (giftige) chemicaliën.

Niet elk oplosmiddel is veilig om te gebruiken in een huis-, tuin- en keuken-omgeving. [Foto: shutterstock/Tobias Wilcke]
Wat betreft de toepassingen waarvoor de fabrikant de oplosmiddelen maakt (zoals de schoonmaak- of de brandstofindustrie) zijn deze reststoffen geen probleem. De fabrikant is dus wettelijk gezien niet verplicht om deze reststoffen op de verpakking te vermelden. Indien er reststoffen van chemicaliën inzitten met een kookpunt die hoger ligt dan dat van je oplosmiddel dan zal dit terecht komen in je eindproduct.
Dit kan gezondheidsproblemen veroorzaken, want hoewel het op 1 liter slechts een kleine hoeveelheid residu betreft, wordt de hoeveelheid geconcentreerd naar mate je het oplosmiddel gaat indampen. Als er op 1 liter isopropanol 0,1% residu aanwezig is dan kan er na het indampen 1mL aan gevaarlijke reststoffen overblijven in je extract. Bij 1 mL reststof op 5 tot 10 mL cannabisextract is het geen ‘residu’ meer maar een zwaar vervuild extract dat niet geschikt is voor consumptie.

Residu van het oplosmiddel zelf
Ook met een zuiver oplosmiddel kunnen – vooral bij de oplosmiddelen bovenaan in de polariteitsindex – restanten van het oplosmiddel zelf achterblijven in het extract. Het oplosmiddel kan namelijk ingekapseld raken in de hars omdat tijdens het indampen van het laatste beetje oplosmiddel grote en kleine (microscopische) gasbelletjes ontstaan die uiteindelijk zullen uitharden waardoor het oplosmiddel binnen in de gasbelletjes niet weg kan. Deze restanten kan men alleen verwijderen onder vacuüm, bijvoorbeeld met behulp van een vacuümoven.

Gedenatureerde Ethanol
Gedenatureerde Ethanol is ongeschikt gemaakt voor consumptie door andere (giftige) stoffen toe te voegen. Zo kan deze Ethanol worden gebruikt voor bijvoorbeeld industriële toepassingen of de schoonmaak, zonder dat daar overheidshalve accijns over betaald hoeft te worden. De meeste stoffen die worden toegevoegd liggen rond hetzelfde kookpunt als Ethanol en vormen een azeotroop mengsel zodat het middels destillatie niet eenvoudig te scheiden is.

Sommige mensen gebruiken gedenatureerde Ethanol om een extract te maken. De meeste varianten van gedenatureerde Ethanol op de markt zijn niet geschikt om een extract mee te maken en zullen zeker residu achterlaten in je eindproduct. Indien de Ethanol (kookpunt 79 °C) enkel is gedenatureerd met een kleine hoeveelheid oplosmiddel zoals Methanol (kookpunt 65 °C) en van zuivere kwaliteit is dan kan deze wel worden gebruikt om een extract mee te maken. De Methanol zal gezien het lagere kookpunt namelijk eerder verdampen dan de Ethanol. De Ethanol, bijvoorbeeld op nacuro.com, is door de toevoeging van Methanol niet geschikt voor consumptie, maar wel geschikt om een extract mee te maken.

Ethanol (consumptie alcohol 96%)
Als we alles op een rijtje zetten kunnen we stellen dat van alle oplosmiddelen Ethanol (consumptie alcohol) voor de huis- tuin en keuken methode – toxicologisch – het veiligste is, maar technisch gezien niet het meest effectieve oplosmiddel om cannabinoïden te extraheren. Het grote voordeel bij het gebruik van alcohol is dat het ook niet erg is als er restanten achterblijven in het extract, iets dat je met de andere oplosmiddelen absoluut niet wilt hebben.

Daarnaast geldt ook voor alcohol (96%) dat het een vluchtige en licht-ontvlambare vloeistof betreft waardoor het gevaarlijk kan zijn om deze (vooral in grote hoeveelheden) binnenshuis te verdampen. Een ander groot nadeel is dat de Ethanol (96%) geschikt voor consumptie erg aan de prijs is waardoor het maken van een extract, zonder terugwinning, mogelijk niet kostenefficiënt is. De website drank.nl is in vergelijking met andere Nederlandse aanbieders relatief goedkoop met haar Navimer Pure Ethanol (96%). Echter zal het in de omringende landen waar de accijns lager liggen wellicht nog goedkoper kunnen.

Infuseren
Wil je veilig wietolie maken zonder vluchtige oplosmiddelen? Dan kun je de cannabinoïden infuseren in een apolaire (vetachtige) vloeistof zoals olijfolie, kokosolie of een andere gewenste basisolie. Infuseren is het laten trekken van bestanddelen in een vloeistof zoals het maken van een kopje thee. Door de olie te verwarmen en gedurende tijd telkens nieuw plantmateriaal toe te voegen zal de olie steeds sterker worden waarbij je dit proces kunt herhalen tot je de gewenste sterkte hebt bereikt.

Advies van Bedrocan
In de gebruiksaanwijzing van de medicinale cannabis afkomstig van Bedrocan (welke op doktersrecept aan patiënten wordt geleverd) staat opmerkelijk genoeg het volgende advies beschreven:

Bedrocan stelt dat het infuseren van cannabis in water, door er thee van te trekken, de meest geschikte manier is. Op de polariteitsindex staat water helemaal onderaan en weten we nu dus dat water polair is en daarom – in tegenstelling tot wat Bedrocan beweert – het minst geschikt is om cannabinoïden in op te lossen.

Een betere toepassing voor deze ‘thee’ zou zijn het bereiden op basis van warme melk waardoor de cannabinoïden – in tegenstelling tot water – beter zullen oplossen.

Tot slot
Indien je olijfolie gaat gebruiken om te infuseren of om je extract mee te verdunnen gebruik dan altijd een olie die écht koud geperst is. De meeste soorten olijfolie op de markt worden namelijk op industriële wijze geproduceerd door de olie uit de olijven te extraheren met behulp van Hexaan waarbij je – ondanks dat je denkt goed bezig te zijn – alsnog een eindproduct hebt met Hexaan residu.

 

Over Steven Cassini – LaCassini Research
Steven Cassini is onderzoeker en oprichter van LaCassini Research, een geregistreerd laboratorium gespecialiseerd in biotechnologie. Daarnaast is Steven oprichter van Qannabis.nl, een online analyse platform waar cannabis-producten op inhoudsstoffen worden geanalyseerd. Steven schrijft wetenschappelijke en innovatieve artikelen over de nieuwste wetenschappelijke ontwikkelingen in de wereld van medicinale cannabis.

What is the best grow light?

What is the best grow light?

For indoor growers, you will need to choose a specific type of light. Growers use CFLs, LEDs, MH lamps, HPS lights, and more.

CFLs are most commonly used by beginners since they are so inexpensive. If this is your first time, it might be a good choice.

LED lights are higher in power and higher in cost (significantly) but they require less electricity than MH or CPS. The latter cost less than LED upon purchase and highly powerful but require quite some more electricity. If you have a small grow setup, however, CFLs are likely the simplest choice for you.

If you feel like splurging on the very best, go for a smaller MH/HPS grow light instead.

Which growing medium to choose

Most beginner growers start with soil, since it is the easiest option out there for the inexperienced among us. If you want to try something besides soil, you can choose between perlite, coco coir, vermiculite, and more.

These are considered soilless mixes, which are a type of hydroponic growing, technically speaking. Hydroponics involves growing your marijuana plants directly in water, which can be a complicated system but a highly fruitful and rewarding one — it is said that the highest yields are achieved in hydroponics systems.

Of course, you can also go the organic growing route: composting your own soil. It takes more work but leads to great taste and yield results, plus it makes for a very wise choice for the environmentally minded.

 Free Marijuana Grow Bible


What Do Marijuana Plants Need

Marijuana plants will need to survive so like every plant, there are certain foundational requirements that any strain of Whether your setup is indoors or outdoors, your marijuana plants will still require certain amounts of sunlight, water, and nutrients

what-do-marijuana-plants-need
what-do-marijuana-plants-need

Marijuana plants will need to survive so like every plant, there are certain foundational requirements that any strain of  Whether your setup is indoors or outdoors, your marijuana plants will still require certain amounts of sunlight, water, and nutrients.If you are a new grower, learning what these requirements are and why they exist is essential. If you are an experienced grower, you will probably find it helpful to refresh your memory about why your plants reacted a certain way during your last growing season.

So what are the basic requirements for growing Cannabis, and how do you make sure they are all met? Read on for the following information:

 

Water – Light – CO2

Essential requirements indoor weed

Cannabis is a remarkably tenacious and swift-growing plant. In fact, it’s been said that if you sit long enough with a plant, just watching, you can actually see it grow with your own eyes. No time-lapse, no video, no YouTube.

However, even though the plant is so independently energetic, there’s a lot of growers and cultivators can do on their own to help aid all of that growth, fostering and nurturing these natural qualities. Making the environment around the plant as hospitable as possible and providing the best possible nourishment will maximize the potential of cultivated cannabis.

All living things have basic requirements for life, and thankfully plants are fairly simple in the things they require. Cannabis is no exception. To make sure your plant can live and thrive in its environment, you need to make sure you are providing proper lighting, enough water, a mild and stable temperature, and a well-sifted substrate for the plant to take root in. Beyond that, you need to make sure you are providing nutrients: hydrogen, oxygen, and carbon, as well as a whole host of other macro- and micro- nutrients.

Download my free marijuana grow guide at this link for more growing tips

If you are missing any of these key ingredients, you will be cheating your plants (and yourself!). In addition to making sure they’re provided, you also need to be sure that you are providing all of these things in the proper proportions.

The development of your plant is based on the process of photosynthesis. Photosynthesis is how your plant absorbs light and turns carbon dioxide into sugar (energy). This is possible because of the green pigment chlorophyll. The glucose sugars work in conjunction with mineral salts, nutrients, and water pulled up by the roots and allow the plant to perform a variety of different chemical reactions to produce raw materials and develop.

In nature, all of these things are controlled and provided by the environment. Your job as a cultivator and gardener is to imitate and mimic all of these essentials to create the ideal environment for your plant. Done properly, you can create the perfect living situation for your cannabis plant.

The perfect environment

Perfect environment indoor cannabsi

First, if you’re growing indoors, you’re going to need a good source of light. You can’t just use your old living room lamp to replace the life-giving light of the sun. If you’re an indoor grower, consider using a HPS. This will give you a more accurate spectrum of light, which is very important for plants.

Next you need to consider your air. Your plant needs a supply of carbon dioxide and oxygen in order for photosynthesis to work. Fortunately for you, these gasses are already present in our air! However, you will need to make sure that the environment you’re growing your plant in is very well-ventilated. Indoors, you’ll want to invest in some input and output ventilators, as well as a fan.

You want to make sure you are getting a supply of fresh air to your plants at all times. Just like any other living thing, they’ll suffocate without air (although the suffocation will occur a little differently). In particular, low carbon dioxide levels will inhibit the photosynthesis process, and a lot of growers actually add extra CO2 to the air.

If you install all of your ventilation and air flow equipment properly, it will also be significantly easier for you to manage the humidity and temperature of the environment in your grow room. Keep a weather eye on the temperature and humidity: you’ll want a high humidity (50-70%). Air in the room should be between 68 and 77 degrees Fahrenheit (20 and 25 Celsius) while the substrate should be close to 64 degrees fahrenheit (24 celsius). If you are using a hydroponics system or growing your plants in water, you’ll want the water to be a lukewarm 68 degrees fahrenheit (20 degrees Celsius). Read more about Temperature and Humidity.

Download my free marijuana grow guide at this link for more growing tips

Water is also extremely important to the health of your plant. This means both the humidity of the surrounding environment, and the soil from which the roots will be drawing water to distribute nutrients to the rest of the plant. You have a number of choices for different substrates to grow your plants in (soil, rockwool, etc.) but you’ll want to make sure it’s getting water regardless.

Besides using water in a number of key chemical reactions, your plant will be using water as a vehicle to transport nutrients. If you’re an indoor marijuana grower, you’ll either need to be watering manually or invest in an automatic system to take care of the irrigation for you. Indoor plants especially are likely to require a lot of water, since you’ll probably be maxing them out with lights and nutrients to get the highest quality plant possible. Another note on water: you need to make sure you are using pure water. If the water you’re using has anything toxic or harmful, it could damage your plants, or worse yet, hurt any people who want to use the plant for medicinal purposes!

The substrate is important because it sort of acts as a trap for nutrients and important elements. For example, if you are using soil, you need to make sure that it is well aerated. Good circulation among the roots is very important since that is where your plant will be picking up a lot of things to absorb. Roots need oxygen, regardless of the substrate you use, whether you are using traditional soil or newfangled hydroponics equipment. Plus, proper aerification will minimize the risks of disease, mold and fungus on your marijuana plant.

Feeding your marijuana plants

Feeding indoor cannabis

Next up, you need to be sure you have plenty of nutrients. There are a lot of ways for you to add nutrients to the soil. You can either do it gradually with fertilizers and other additives in the soil itself or add the nutrients directly into the water, which will make your nutrient delivery faster and more accurate.

Essential nutrients for plants are split up into macro- and micro-nutrients, based on how much of the specific nutrient the plant requires to meet its nutritional needs. Macronutrients is a term used by growers to describe the nutrients that cannabis plants need the most. This list includes phosphorus, nitrogen, potassium, magnesium, calcium, and sulfur. Micronutrients refer to the remaining nutrients that are necessary for a plant to thrive, but those that only occur in small amounts, especially when compare to the macronutrients. Micronutrients include zinc, copper, iron, boron, manganese, and molybdenum. A good option is the Marijuana Booster. A great product composed of the exact right mix of nutrients to help the plant thrive and double your yield.

You’ll want to measure the pH of your plant substrate, making sure that it falls somewhere between 5.5 and 6.5.  This is very important for the speed and efficiency at which different nutrients are absorbed by the plant.

Growing Bigger Buds with Marijuana Booster

Growing Bigger Buds with Marijuana Booster

grow marijuana cbdmediwiet.nl
grow marijuana cbdmediwiet.nl

Whether you’re growing marijuana for personal use or you’re looking to make a little extra money on the side, you always want to have the biggest buds.

The buds are where you get the most “meat” on the marijuana plant, and you’ll certainly be able to enjoy the fruits of your labor for much longer with bigger buds. But, achieving big buds isn’t always a matter of plant genetics or complete luck. You have to put in a lot of effort, and you have to understand exactly what the plant needs at each stage of its life.

For starters, you have to understand the basics of nutrient uptake within the plant. Nutrients act like food for the plant to thrive and grow tall. Of course, nutrients are also largely responsible for the size of the buds by the time the harvest comes around. Nutrients aren’t the only variable, but they’re wildly important. The main triplet of nutrients that you’ll often come across in most fertilizers consists of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K). On most fertilizers, there is a little “NPK” value that indicates how much of each nutrient is in the fertilizer. For the most part, you’ll want a fertilizer with a higher concentration of nitrogen during vegetative state. Nitrogen is primarily responsible for the overall growth and healthy function of the plant. It helps the plant thrive during vegetative state and it also sets the stage for success once your plants enter the flowering stage. When a plant reaches flowering stage, they require a different kind of fertilizer concentration—one that is higher in phosphorus and potassium than nitrogen. At that point, it’s a good idea to switch to a “bloom fertilizer” to help out with bud growth. The Benefits of Marijuana Booster

This is really the traditional way to grow larger buds, and it has worked to a certain degree for years. But, there are a lot more than just three nutrients at play in fertilizers and inside the living marijuana plant. It can be hard to hit the right balance of nutrients during vegetative state and flowering state. If you could find a fertilizer product that would take the nutrient guesswork out of your hands, then you’d probably jump at that opportunity. One such product is Marijuana Booster, a revolutionary growth program that can guarantee you a good return on your investment. If you want bigger buds from your harvest, then Marijuana Booster can certainly help out. It does so by providing a large mix of nutrients that are best suited to growing large, healthy plants with large, healthy buds. You won’t just find the standard “NPK” nutrients in Marijuana Booster. You’ll encounter plenty of micronutrients like boron, manganese, calcium, and more. Marijuana Booster is essentially the perfect mixture of nutrients to help marijuana grow to its fullest capacity with huge buds dripping with THC. It also comes with a feeding and watering schedule to help you along the way. If you want to get ahead of the game, then Marijuana Booster gives you the best option.

Marijuana Booster - Double Your Yield

 

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